Foot Pain: Common Causes

Foot pain can involve the heel, the toes or the whole foot. Degenerative diseases, improper shoes and poor foot hygiene can make the lives of our feet miserable.

Hallux valgus or bunion is a condition that affects the great toe. It results from deviation of the bones of the toe. Pain may occur and shoes may not fit properly.

Hallux rigidus is a disorder of the great toe in which it's mobility is reduced. Excess bone formation is responsible. It causes pain and difficulty in walking.

foot pain

Bunionette is a condition that is similar to bunion except for the fact that it involves the little toe. See the causes, diagnosis and treatment in the Bunionette page.

Hammer toe and Mallet toe are conditions that affect the smaller four toes. They develop as a result of abnormal position of the toe joints. Initially they may be painless. Click the above links to see more about these conditions in detail.

Flat feet are seen in 10 to 15% of the normal population. They are usually painless. When painful they require proper treatment. There causes are manifold. Learn more by clicking here.

Tarsal tunnel syndrome is caused by compression of the tibial nerve at the front of the ankle joint and in the foot. Symptoms are mainly foot pain and abnormal sensations.

Many people suffer from heel pain. Most common cause of heel pain is a condition called plantar fascitis that results from inflammation in the tissues of the foot. Being overweight predisposes to this condition. Learn more at the Heel pain page.

Haglund deformity presents as pain and swelling on the back of the heel. It results from irritation of the tissues behind the heel bone. More on this condition including treatment and prevention in the Haglund deformity page.

Sesamoid bones are small bones located within the tendons. Fractures of these bones are common in athletes. They result in pain below the ball of the foot. Know more at the Sesamoid fracture page.

Man with pain in foot

Calcaneus fracture occurs after falling from height. It can involve the subtalar joint and can lead to it's arthritis. Another important and serious fracture is fracture of talus bone. It requires urgent treatment to prevent complications.

Infection in the foot can present as pain, swelling and fever. Infections if neglected can lead to the development of gangrene that may require amputation to control. Prompt and aggressive treatment is required to prevent such catastrophic results. Learn more at the foot infection page.

Before reading in detail about the above conditions it would be a good idea to first read the anatomy of the foot. This will help you to get a better understanding of the disorders in the links above and below.

I hope the information provided was helpful. If you have any query you can ask me at the contact me page.

This page was last updated on 19th November 2010.

Causes of foot pain...


Hallux Rigidus


Hammer Toe

Mallet Toe

Flat Foot

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Heel Pain

Haglund Deformity

Sesamoid Fracture

Calcaneus Fracture

Talus Fracture

Foot Infection

Foot Anatomy

Go back from Foot Pain to Home Page


My compliments to you and your website. It provides the necessary knowledge and guide to bridge the gap caused by the bits of (mis)information given on most sites. Your website provides a short course on the subject. It not only guides the user, it also provides fundamental knowledge for researching the topic. Giving the user a remarkable and unmatched understanding of their topic. An ounce of knowledge makes for a better patient. I've been longing for a website such as yours. A website that is filled with information a layman can use. Its Not too complicated that it discourages the user.

Thank You for bridging the gap for me and for everyone else.

Daphane T.

Los Angeles, USA

I found your site very informative. Thank you!

Jeremy Verhines.

Jackson, Missouri, USA

Thank you for a most informative website!

Yara Eddine.


Thank you for taking the trouble to provide such a wonderfully informative and clear site.

Melanie Clough

NorthWest England

I am a third year pharmacy student from Canada. I want to say thanks for creating and maintaining this website. Your expertise and easy to understand explanations are helping to train the next generation of health care professionals across the world.


Toronto, Canada