GANGLION: Diagnosis and Treatment

Ganglion is a small swelling filled with thick, viscous and clear fluid usually located around the wrist joint.

It is more common in females and can appear any time between teenage and sixth decade. Back of the wrist is the favored site.

It feels tight. Tenderness may be present. Skin over the swelling moves freely. Mild to moderate pain may be present. It is fixed to the deeper structures but not to bone. At times the ganglia may disappear spontaneously.

Ganglion over wrist

Ganglia formation is thought to be the result of a developmental defect in the capsule or tendon sheath.

Diagnosis is by clinical examination and history.

Treatment includes the following methods

  • Aspiration and injection of steroid or hylase.
  • Multiple punctures with a wide bore needle followed by gentle massage daily by the patient herself.
  • If it recurs after the above treatments then it is surgically excised down to the capsule.

I hope the information provided was helpful. If you have any query you can ask me at the contact me page.

This page was last updated on 30th March 2009.

Other causes of wrist pain...

De Quervain Disease

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Scaphoid Fracture

Wrist Fracture

Madelung Deformity

Wrist Anatomy

Go back to Wrist Pain from Ganglion


My compliments to you and your website. It provides the necessary knowledge and guide to bridge the gap caused by the bits of (mis)information given on most sites. Your website provides a short course on the subject. It not only guides the user, it also provides fundamental knowledge for researching the topic. Giving the user a remarkable and unmatched understanding of their topic. An ounce of knowledge makes for a better patient. I've been longing for a website such as yours. A website that is filled with information a layman can use. Its Not too complicated that it discourages the user.

Thank You for bridging the gap for me and for everyone else.

Daphane T.

Los Angeles, USA

I found your site very informative. Thank you!

Jeremy Verhines.

Jackson, Missouri, USA

Thank you for a most informative website!

Yara Eddine.


Thank you for taking the trouble to provide such a wonderfully informative and clear site.

Melanie Clough

NorthWest England

I am a third year pharmacy student from Canada. I want to say thanks for creating and maintaining this website. Your expertise and easy to understand explanations are helping to train the next generation of health care professionals across the world.


Toronto, Canada